Τreatments for prostate cancer beyond surgery and radiation
1. While surgery and radiation are the most common treatments for prostate cancer, there are other options available.
2. Some men may be candidates for hormone therapy, which can help to shrink the tumor and slow its growth.
3. There are also new, experimental treatments being developed all the time, so it’s important to stay up-to-date on the latest research.
Active surveillance: watch and wait
If you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend a treatment called active surveillance. With active surveillance, you and your doctor closely monitor your cancer for signs that it’s growing or changing. This approach is also called watchful waiting.
Active surveillance may be an option if you have a low-risk form of prostate cancer. It may also be an option if you’re not comfortable with the side effects of treatment, such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.
If your cancer does grow or change, you and your doctor will discuss your treatment options, which may include surgery, radiation therapy, or hormone therapy.
Hormone therapy: cut off testosterone
Hormone therapy is a treatment for prostate cancer. It involves cutting off the supply of testosterone to the cancer cells. This treatment can be very effective, but it can also have side effects.
Chemotherapy: kill with drugs
Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer in American men. More than 3 million men are living with prostate cancer. Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given in many different ways, and the side effects vary from person to person. Some men with prostate cancer may be treated with chemotherapy if their cancer has spread to other parts of their body or if they are not candidates for surgery or radiation therapy.
Targeted therapy: stop cancer cells from growing
Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that targets specific molecules or genes that are involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells. This approach to treatment is designed to specifically target cancer cells and stop them from growing, while sparing normal cells.
Targeted therapy holds promise for treating many types of cancer, including prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, and it is typically treated with surgery or radiation. However, these treatments can have side effects, such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Targeted therapy may offer a more targeted and effective approach to treating prostate cancer, with fewer side effects.
Targeted therapy is still in the early stages of development, but it shows promise as a new approach to treating cancer. Further research is needed to determine whether targeted therapy can effectively treat prostate cancer and other types of cancer.
Immunotherapy: harness the immune system
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, behind only lung cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, about 1 man in 9 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. And while a man’s risk of prostate cancer increases with age, the disease can affect men of all ages.
There are many treatment options available for prostate cancer, including surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. But for some men with advanced disease, these treatments may not be enough. That’s where immunotherapy comes in.
Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that harnesses the power of the immune system to fight cancer cells. It works by stimulating the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells. Immunotherapy can be used as a standalone treatment or in combination with other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy.
Conclusion: many options to explore
There are many options to explore when it comes to prostate cancer treatment. While surgery is the most common treatment, there are other options available that may be more effective for some patients. Radiation therapy and hormone therapy are two other popular treatment options for prostate cancer. Each patient is different, so it is important to discuss all of the available options with a doctor before making a decision.